Madrid’s population dates back to prehistoric times, based on artefacts found along the Manzanares River. The city’s name Madrid is said to come from the Muslim Matrice, which refers to the water found in the region.
The city’s modern history began in the 10th century, when the Moors occupied a fort along the Manzanares River, from where they controlled the area until Alfonso VI conquered and changed the main mosque into the a Catholic church. Madrid’s first court was established in 1329, and Madrid was later handed over rule to Enrique of Tastamara.
During the 1500s, King Felipe II moved the imperial court to Madrid, and the population of the city increased dramatically. Much of Madrid’s city improvements such as gates, bridges, were built in the 18th century, as well as now-historic buildings like The Royal Palace, the Royal Theatre, the Ministry of Finance, the Natural Science Museum, and the Botanical Gardens.
The 19th century marked the War of Independence commemorating the battles against Emperor Napoleon’s rule. The French left the city after five years. Isabel II became the Queen until the revolt that eventually led to the Spanish Civil War.
Madrid maintained sovereignty from the Spanish Republic until Nationalist troops under Franco entered. Madrid became heavily industrialized, and Franco’s death resulted in the succession of a constitutional monarchy. Today, Madrid is a leader in culture, education, and industry on the peninsula.
As the autumn slowly approaches, there is no better way to kick back and relax than taking your holiday in Madrid.
A city with boundless energy and spirit, visitors can spend a day watching a live football game of Real Madrid, spend hours inside some of the most beautiful art galleries and museums in the world, and walk all around the city’s numerous parks and monuments.
Madrid is also known for its great nightlife of bars, restaurants, and legendary flamenco, so tourists will stay entertained through the wee hours. So what are you waiting for – hop on the next flight to Madrid today!
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